Digging Up the Past

Chapter 1 - Land of the Pyramids

Boastful monuments

Inscriptions on monuments

It should be understood that the Egyptians did not write history as such.
Most of the monuments were made and inscribed by Pharaohs who were
not concerned with making accurate historical records. Rather, they
eulogised their own virtues and accomplishments, and it's not easy for
scholars to determine accurate historical information from such biased
writings. Scholars are often at variance in deciding how much of the
inscriptions are really historical fact.

This is in marked contrast to the records of the Bible, where historical
information records not only the victories and the virtues, but also the
defeats and the moral lapses of even the most notable characters. Such
impartial reporting is not found in the Egyptian or any other non-Biblical
ancient records. so, from 1) the records of the hieroglyphs, 2) the writings
of ancient historians like Manetho, an Egyptian priest who lived about
300 BC, 3) Herodotus who visited Egypt about the middle of the fifth
century BC, and 4) Josephus, the Jewish historian of the first century AD,
let us now look at history of the ancient Egyprian Empire.