Digging up the past

Chapter 1 Land of the pyramids

Who made the pyramids and why?

The first possible clue we have to the origins of this remarkable people is found in the historical records of the Bible. There we find that the Hebrew word which is translated 'Egypt' is 'Mizraim' and in Genesis 10:1-6 we are told that Mizraim was the son of Ham, who was the son of Noah.

It is of interest to note that 'Misr' is the name Egyptians continue to apply to themselves today, and visitors will notice the 'Misr Bank', the 'Misr Travel Company', the 'Misr Insurance Company'.

Just when Mizraim or his descendants migrated to North Africa  is not known but it is known that early settlers buried their dead in the hot dry sand, and, due to the dry climate, (Cairo has an average annual rainfall of only about 50mm or 2 inches, and in Luxor it very seldom rains at all), the bodies quickly dehydrated and were remarkably preserved. (One such body is on display in the British Museum.)

This phenomenon, no doubt observed by the early Egyptians, may have supported the strong Egyptian belief in the immortality of the soul.

They may well have reasoned that if the body could be thus preserved, the departing soul would also survive. In any case, the early Egyptians took pains to preserve the bodies of their departed friends, later embalming them as mummies.

Skilled craftsman builds a boat with a method used thousands of years ago

Skilled craftsman builds a boat with a method used thousands of years ago

Map of Ancient Nations

Map of Ancient Nations

Anubis attends dead Pharaoh

Anubis attends dead Pharaoh


Mummies on display in Cairo