Digging Up the Past

Chapter 1 - Land of the Pyramids

Faiyum Oasis

The 12th Dynasty had some powerful kings who developed the
Faiyum, a fertile oasis supporting some two million people. The kings
of this dynasty also built pyramids for their burials but they were of
inferior construction and there were no more large pyramids built
after the end of the dynasty.

The 12th Dynasty ruled for about 200 years and early scholars dated
the commencement of the dynasty to about 2,000 BC, but recently
some scholars have questioned this date. Proposed revisions based
on scholarly analysis, would in fact synchronise the slavery of Israel
with the 12th Dynasty and the Exodus early in the 13th Dynasty, for
which there is significant archaeological evidence.

The leafy green fields of the Faiyum

Even today this canal is known as Bar Yusef meaning Joseph's Canal

12th Dynasty temple relief on exhibit at the R.O.M.